Working Papers ($\LaTeX$ format)
Lacan on the Number 13 and the Logic of Suspicion (pdf) (link)
Pataphor in Mechanism Design (pdf) (link)
Chinese Logic: An Introduction (pdf) (link)
Combinatorial Game Theory: Surreal Numbers and the Void (pdf) (link)
Avant-garde Philosophy of Economics (pdf) (link)
The Shapley Value: An Extremely Short Introduction (pdf) (link)
The Political Economy of Ghostwriting (pdf) (link)
“There is no economic world.” (pdf) (link)
Piero Sraffa’s Non-Economics: An Introduction (pdf) (link)

Reviews
Élie Ayache – The Medium of Contingency (pdf) (link)

Translations (中文翻译)

Resources – General
Librivox (public domain audiobooks)
More free audiobooks (12, 34)
MIT OpenCourseWare
edX free online courses
Lectures by the world’s top scientists

Resources – Computational Economics
EconPhD – notes & info for grad students in economics
Sargent & Stachurski’s course on economics in Python/Julia
Algorithmic Game Theory and Machine Learning (notes & papers)
Frontiers in Mechanism Design (notes, videos, papers)
Computational Game Theory (lecture notes)
Computational Microeconomics (notes & papers)
Computational Tools and Macroeconomic Applications (notes)
Foundations of Social Computing (notes & papers)
Axelrod Python library
Awesome Public Datasets

Resources – Chinese
LINE Chinese-English dictionary
ZDIC Chinese-English Dictionary
Chinese Stack Exchange
iTalki (grammar forum)
List of measure words (量词)
Bilingual version of the Daodejing (3 side-by-side translations)
Bilingual versions of classical Chinese texts
Audiobooks of the Confucian Analects (Legge trans.) (Jennings trans.)
Whimsically illustrated Zen kōans
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Chinese philosophers
Chinese words with no English equivalent (1, 2, 3)
Apply for a Chinese Government Scholarship
Translations of continental philosophy into Chinese (大陆哲学的中文翻译)
Chinese translations of Lacanian psychoanalysis (拉康式精神分析的中文翻译)

_

1. Thank you for these.
You have several philosophical resources here.
You speak about how you use philosophy to interest you in business/economics/et cetera.
I wonder if you could share any business/etc. texts that you think could interest the philosopher. What are important business/etc. texts you might recommend?

• Stanley Cavell once wrote: “I will say first, by way of introducing myself, that I have wished to understand philosophy not as a set of problems but as a set of texts.” Depending on what kind of philosophy you like, it’s probably second-nature to use specific authors and schools of thought as basic ‘units’, but this taxonomy doesn’t really extend to writings about business/econ, where the main unit is ‘problems’. There isn’t much in the way of definitive ‘texts’, in other words, so one is forced to be resourceful.

In economics you have a fair amount of ‘giants’ (e.g. Arrow & Debreu) but most of their work is purely technical; an exception is Milton Friedman, whose non-technical works are excellent and provocative. If you don’t mind it being a bit dated, Frédéric Bastiat’s dialogues and parodies are both incisive and hilarious, and it’s truly a shame that more economists don’t aspire to write like him. I’d recommend staying far away from Heilbroner’s The Worldly Philosophers—not because it’s a bad book, but because most of its readers develop the mistaken impression that it has anything to do with contemporary economics.

In business the only author I can think of whose corpus is considered ‘classic’ is Michael Porter, the father of corporate strategy. Veblen is a charming, well-read, and idiosyncratic author—see his Theory of Business Enterprise. One of my favorite business books I’ve read is David D’Alessandro’s Brand Warfare, which really helps you to see how advertising people think. I’m also getting into Philip Evans’s stuff—he’s a senior consultant at BCG, and (as far as I can tell) distills thinkers like Derrida and Deleuze/Guattari into a form usable by businesspeople.

In finance probably the most outright philosophical thinker is the billionaire George Soros, whose book The Alchemy of Finance more or less independently discovered chaos economics (i.e. nonlinear dynamics + econ). Nassim Taleb’s stuff is erudite and clever, though what he thinks are his strengths are seldom his actual strengths. Élie Ayache’s book The Blank Swan is doubtless the most brilliant and profound exposition of high finance, but it’s terribly verbose and unnecessarily convoluted, and makes no sense unless you’ve read Meillassoux’s After Finitude. A truly magnificent paper is “Fundamentals of Liquidity” by Fischer Black (of Black-Scholes fame), and he has another paper entitled “Noise” that looks just as fascinating.

My main resource for philosophy of accounting is Norman MacIntosh, who draws heavily from people like Foucault and Baudrillard but is often appallingly naïve about it, which is really a shame. He says a lot of very interesting things about derivatives and the social construction of economic categories like ‘income’ vs. ‘capital’, but he cuts a lot of corners and sands a lot of rough edges that would be worth examining in more detail.

Hopefully that helps. I don’t mean to throw a pile of books at you or anything, but I don’t know what you’re interested in, so I’m trying to be broad. Personally I found introductory books very helpful (e.g. Trading for Dummies and The New York Times Pocket MBA), but the main obstacle with these is that a lot of it seems obvious, even commonsensical, when in reality it isn’t.

2. Thanks so much. I definitely appreciate the time you took to share this. I will be looking into these, I think starting with Evans’ Blown to Bits and then Soros’ book and Ayache’s, also those two papers you’ve so kindly shared links to. Thanks again.