On the Vacuousness of ‘Neoliberalism’ as a Political Category: A Dialogue

Marxist: You want to know why the economy is in such dire straits these days? It’s because of this damn neoliberalism that all the countries of the world are uncritically accepting!

Capitalist: Whoa, now. That’s a really broad statement. Let me try to see if I fully understand what you mean. So you think that stimulus is a neoliberal policy?

M: Absolutely. All the Fed is doing is making more financial gimmicks in an attempt to help a structurally broken economy.

C: Okay, that’s a legitimate point of view, I suppose. So given that the USA has to somehow pay off its deficit, you must be in agreement with the people who say that austerity is the way to go.

M: Absolutely not! If the government tried that, me and my friends would be up in arms! Austerity is neoliberalism in its worst form!

C: Hmm. Well to me it seems like those are two very different policies, but you’re lumping them together under the same category?

M: Yes.

C: Okay, then. Let’s try a different tack. What would you say isn’t neoliberalism? Is North Korea neoliberal?

M: Of course not.

C: So dictatorships like Ethiopia and Guinea aren’t neoliberal either?

M: No.

C: What about communist countries like China?

M: Yes. They are neoliberal, or at least they have been ever since Deng Xiaoping took over. Besides, China shouldn’t be considered communist anyway.

C: Why not?

M: Because it’s not what Marx actually intended communism to be! Full communism and actually-existing communism are two completely different things.

C: Okay then. Let’s accept your definition of ‘full communism’. Now, it seems to me that what you mean by ‘neoliberalism’ encompasses any sort of social arrangement that might call itself capitalist, even if on the surface of things, different neoliberal countries seem to have strong disagreements. Is that accurate?

M: Yes.

C: So we could just as well say that in your definition (and excluding dictatorships), neoliberalism is any point of view that isn’t communist.

M: I suppose so.

C: That seems to make sense. So why do you insist that neoliberalism, in all its various guises, is a bad thing?

M: Well that should be self-evident! It’s because of the inherent contradictions in the commodity-form, plus the exploitation of workers’ surplus value inherent in the act of a capitalist purchasing labor-power from the proletariat!

C: Hm. I was never taught these sorts of ideas in business school, so could you tell me who came up with them?

M: Karl Marx, of course! Just as Darwin discovered the laws inherent in organic development, Marx discovered the laws inherent in capitalism!

C: ‘Inherent’ is a strong word, you know. I assume you’re aware that there are other ways of thinking about economic phenomena that don’t involve these sort of concepts.

M: Yes. But they’re wrong. It takes a refined eye to notice these sorts of things, not the sort of thing a vulgar capitalist like you would understand. *sententious tone* There are more things in this world, my dear capitalist, than are dreamt of at your business school.

C: *quizzical expression* Fair enough. Now what should I do if I want to learn about this point of view?

M: Read Das Kapital, of course! It’s hard going at first, but once you read it through about four or five times, it will be obvious to you that this is the truth. But after that, if you still insist on debating with us, you’ll have to be familiar with the literature! I’ve seen plenty of cases like yours. At first the thousands of books and articles on Marxism may seem so rife with confusions and question-begging that out of despair you may be prepared to believe anything, but once you’ve made your way through the basic authors (Althusser, Balibar, Deleuze & Guattari, Hardt & Negri, Poulantzas, Castoriadis, Adorno & Horkheimer, Debord, Gramsci, Eagleton, Callinicos, Jameson, Lukács, Luxemburg, Marcuse, and Žižek), you should be all set to think critically about the world! (And of course, by thinking critically I mean denouncing all existing conditions!)

C: *ponders for a minute* I think I finally understand.

M: That’s the spirit!

C: Let me sum things up: neoliberalism is bad because of the contradictions inherent in capitalism, as shown by Marx, which can only be grasped by a Marxist point of view, since all other perspectives take neoliberalism for granted.

M: By Jove, you’ve got it!

C: So in other words, any relatively successful form of social organization except communism is bad because it isn’t communism, and it’s impossible to see the truth of this unless you’re a communist, since all other positions besides communism take neoliberalism (again, defined as everything that is not communism) for granted.

M: Eureka! You’re one of us now!

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About Graham Joncas

We are a way for capital to know itself.

Posted on September 27, 2012, in Economics, Philosophy, Politics and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 5 Comments.

  1. I can’t tell whether you have the misfortune of dealing with solely tumblr marxists or just a facile understanding of the marxist critique (and definition) of neoliberalism. For example, I’m not in contact with any self described marxists who wouldn’t prefer Keynesian policies in the face of ongoing austerity. Or for that matter any that would describe neoliberalism as ‘any sort of social arrangement that might call itself capitalist.’ It’s very specifically the political-economic project that replaced post-war Keynesianism, ie a more limited role of the state in the economy in favor of markets and privatization which coincided with globalization. Marxists don’t deny the overwhelming success of neoliberalism, their critique is that this success rewards capitalists even more disproportionately than capitalism with a Keynesian bent.

    • Yes, the piece is making fun of tumblr Marxists. It’s not supposed to be universal: there are lots of intelligent Marxists, as well as unintelligent capitalists. ‘Marxist’ is used very loosely here. But I’ve heard plenty of people—particularly philosopher-types who gravitate to a quasi-Marxist standpoint without thinking it through—using ‘neoliberalism’ as little more than a synonym for ‘bad’ (with ‘bad’, of course, meaning ‘not communism’). The dialogue is intended to show how such a ‘position’ is more of a self-indulgent intellectual fantasy than a legitimate political stance. I imagine you’d agree with me there.

  2. the graphic representation is genius … it’s clearly inspired from The Temptations of Saint Anthony by Dali. what is the name of the representation >?

  3. Reblogged this on discordion {Artist Ian Pritchard} and commented:
    Absolutely love this artwork “Symposium on Neoliberalism” by Tiago Hoisel.
    And the accompanying dialogue in the blog is very tongue-in-cheek.

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